Dog Shelter Care and Maintenance: Part 1

Dog Shelter Animal Care and Habitat Maintenance

Dog shelter 
A dog’s shelter, or the primary enclosure, must adhere to certain guidelines for the safety, comfort and flexibility of the animal. To achieve a safe environment, the primary enclosure must have no sharp edges or gaps that could cause injury to the dog, or trap it by the limb or any other body part. 

The primary enclosure must also have sufficient space to allow the animal to make free postural adjustments, such as turning freely, stretching, sitting, standing, or moving its head without hitting the walls or the roof. It the enclosure will be housing the dog for a long time, it must be spacious enough to allow it to rest, play, hide, sit and feed. 

The dog house must also be easy to clean and disinfect. This calls for non-porous surfaces which are durable and can withstand constant cleaning. This is especially important if the animal is prone to diseases, or may suffer infections from the environment or other animals. 

Animal care 
Dogs need humane treatment to lead normal lives. Start by ensure maximum housing capacity is not exceeded. The maximum housing capacity depends on the number of pets that can live comfortably within the provided primary enclosures. Overcrowding animals may create complications and cause poor healthy and death to the animals. 

Ensure that the animals receive enough food and supplements depending on their length of stay, age and daily activities. Enough personnel should be available to attend to them, and provide any necessary care required. They also need to observe the dogs for any sign of discomfort or sickness and take the appropriate measures. 

Clean the dogs well and ensure they stay dry and comfortable. Be sure that their primary enclosures are well ventilated to allow normal breathing and fresh air supply for the animals. Also ensure that animal places are insulated from incessant noises. 

Habitat maintenance 
The areas surrounding the primary enclosure must be kept clean and disinfected, if possible. It may not be realistic to apply disinfectants to some places, such as gravels or grass patches. In such cases, ensure the areas and clean and dry. 

The habitat should also be well-drained. Avoid clogging or swamping of the areas around the enclosure since it would affect the dog house by spreading dampness, run-off water or some pathogens that may cause diseases to the animals. A clean environment creates a conducive atmosphere in the primary enclosure, hence, keeping the animals comfortable and healthy. 

Remove fecal matter from the immediate environment. This procedure should be carried out at least once every day to keep the areas clean. Removal of fecal matter also keeps the air clean and free of any unpalatable smell. The animals won’t be comfortable with a pall in the air, and it may affect humans too. 

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