Dog Shelter Care and Maintenance: Part 2

Dog Shelter Facility Resources and Building Maintenance 

Dog shelter facility resources 
Dog shelter facilities should meet certain regulations and guidelines to ensure a conducive environment for the animals. Facilities need to appropriate to the species, the population of the animals receiving care and the length of their stay under care. The design of these facilities should also take into account the separation of the animals by species, health status, gender, temperament or predator-prey status. 
 
The facilities should also be fitted with entrances, exits, hallways and rooms in such a way that they allow free movement of the animals, and do not hinder cleaning. According to the requirements, at least 10% of the facility should be preserved for the possible isolation of those dogs suspected or diagnosed with infectious diseases.  
 
A proper layout of the facility is also critical. The minimal spacing recommended between the resting place, litterbox and feeding area should be at least 2 feet. Keep in mind that different dogs may behave differently: some may fail to make use of the litterbox or the resting areas, resorting to staying close to the feeding box. It is important for caregivers to monitor these animals and take the appropriate action. 
 
Heating and ventilation 
Optimum temperatures and humidity vary with the species of the animal under the primary enclosure. However, the rule of the thumb states that the enclosure should allow the pet to maintain its normal body temperature. Cats and dogs require an average temperature of between 60°F and 80°F and a humidity ranging from 30 to 70%. Nevertheless, be sure to monitor each individual animal to ensure they are comfortable. 
 
The animals in the enclosure also require plenty of fresh air. This means that the primary enclosure should have enough ventilations to allow the free movement of air. However, be sure to secure these aerations so that they don’t let in organisms or creatures that may harm the dogs or cause diseases. The quality of the air flowing in and out of the enclosure also matters a great deal. To ensure the air remains fresh, make sure the areas surrounding the primary enclosure are kept clean and disinfected, if possible. 
 
Maintenance of the primary enclosure 
Facilities for holding dogs should be designed in such a way that they can offer as much natural light as possible. If artificial light has to be used, it should approximate natural light as closely as possible. Too much exposure to light or darkness would not be any good to the animals. It is also important to keep checking the enclosure for any signs of disrepair, such as peeling boards, rotting areas or exposed sharp objects which may injure the dogs. Such cases need immediate rectification to protect the animals from possible harm. 

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